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Herman Henry Hanneken

Date of birth: June 23, 1893
Date of death: August 23, 1986
Burial location: San Diego, California
Place of Birth: Missouri, St. Louis
Home of record: St. Louis Missouri

Herman Hanneken enlisted in the Marine Corps in 1914 and served as an enlisted Marine for four years, achieving the rank of sergeant. He was appointed a second lieutenant in December 1919, following the killing of Charlemagne in Haiti which earned him the Medal of Honor. He retired as a U.S. Marine Corps Brigadier General.

AWARDS AND CITATIONS

Medal of Honor

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Awarded for actions during the Second Haitian Campaign

The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of Honor to Second Lieutenant Herman Henry Hanneken (MCSN: 0-392), United States Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in actual conflict with the enemy near Grande Riviere, Republic of Haiti, on the night of 31 October - 1 November 1919, resulting in the death of Charlemagne Peralte, the supreme bandit chief in the Republic of Haiti, and the killing, capture, and dispersal of about 1,200 of his outlaw followers. Second Lieutenant Hanneken not only distinguished himself by his excellent judgment and leadership but also unhesitatingly exposed himself to great personal danger when the slightest error would have forfeited not only his life but the lives of the detachments of gendarmerie under his command. The successful termination of his mission will undoubtedly prove of untold value to the Republic of Haiti.

General Orders: War Department, General Orders No. 536, June 10 (1920)

Action Date: October 31 & November 1, 1919

Service: Marine Corps

Rank: Second Lieutenant

Division: Gendarmerie d'Haiti

Navy Cross

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Awarded for actions during the Second Haitian Campaign

The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to First Lieutenant Herman Henry Hanneken (MCSN: 0-392), United States Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism displayed on the night of March 31 - 1 April 1920, by advancing into the camp of Osiris Joseph, a notorious bandit leader, while serving with the First Provisional Brigade of Marines (Gendarmerie d'Haiti). With admirable disregard of danger, Lieutenant Hanneken, leading a small detail, advanced to within about fifteen feet of Osiris Joseph, who was surrounded by his followers, shot and killed him, thereby ridding the country of a bandit who had long terrorized Northern Haiti. In addition to the courage displayed, the resourcefulness shown, and the careful planning necessary to accomplish his mission are worthy of the highest praise.

General Orders: Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0392-3-1 AG-25-jhp (21 July 1921)

Action Date: March 31 - April 1, 1920

Service: Marine Corps

Rank: First Lieutenant

Regiment: 1st Provisional Brigade of Marines (Gendarmerie d'Haiti)

Navy Cross

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Awarded for actions during the Second Nicaraguan Campaign

The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to First Lieutenant Herman Henry Hanneken (MCSN: 0-392), United States Marine Corps, for extraordinary achievement, zeal untiring and most successful efforts during active service in the Northern Area of the Republic of Nicaragua from 11 December 1928 until 30 June 1929. In command of a combined Marine and Nicaraguan Voluntario combat patrol First Lieutenant Hanneken had many successful contacts with the bandits during which he distinguished himself by his gallantry. His courage and ability are exceptional and his operations against bandits were of great value in the suppression of banditry in this area.

General Orders: Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0392-1-3 (19 March 1930)

Action Date: December 11, 1928 - June 30, 1929

Service: Marine Corps

Rank: First Lieutenant

Division: Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua

Silver Star

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star to Lieutenant Colonel Herman Henry Hanneken (MCSN: 0-392), United States Marine Corps, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity as Commanding Officer of the Second Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division during action against enemy Japanese forces on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands on 2 and 3 November 1942. After Lieutenant Colonel Hanneken had brought his battalion into a position on the beach east of Metapona River, an out-numbering hostile force affected a landing near his flan and succeeded in establishing a beachhead for future operations. Although extremely handicapped by an untenable position, the battalion, in a separate fight against tremendous odds inflicted heavy casualties upon the Japanese landing force until Lieutenant Colonel Hanneken withdrew to a more advantageous position and launched a successful attack. His courageous leadership and cool judgment under fire were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

Action Date: November 2 & 3, 1942

Service: Marine Corps

Rank: Lieutenant Colonel

Company: Commanding Officer

Battalion: 2d Battalion

Regiment: 7th Marines

Division: 1st Marine Division

Legion of Merit

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Herman Henry Hanneken (MCSN: 0-392), United States Marine Corps, was awarded the Legion of Merit for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services to the Government of the United States in the Pacific Theater of Operations during the period from 15 September through 20 October 1944.

General Orders: Heroes U.S. Marine Corps, 1861 - 1955: Jane Blakeney

Action Date: September 15 - October 20, 1944

Service: Marine Corps